ETD Formatting Guidelines
A PDF document with a title page, copyright page, and abstract at minimum are required to be submitted along with any relevant supplemental files. To ensure clear and legible text for all copies, choose a TrueType font recommended by ProQuest Dissertation Publishing. A list of recommended fonts can be found on ProQuest's site. Fonts must be 10, 11, or 12 points in size.
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Superscripts and subscripts e. Exceptions : Blocked quotations, notes, captions, legends, and long headings must be single-spaced throughout the document and double-spaced between items. Before submitting Before you begin, read the information found in General Form and Style for Theses and Dissertations. Review your PDF file carefully for missing pages, poor font translation, and other anomalies.
Is page numbering correct and consistently placed throughout the document? Have page numbers for landscape-oriented pages been adjusted? Have you included a Table of Contents? Are any pages missing? Have any blank pages been included in the final document? Are the margins set appropriately and consistently throughout the document? Are all internal and external multimedia objects and files present for submission? Total file submission must not exceed 4 GB. This site can be accessed from anywhere in the world.
For technical support for your account dissertation copyright page harvest library. Additional dissertation layout page numbers within this section will outline all the considerations to keep in mind, when deciding how to make your work available to the scholarly community.
Understanding copyright law is another critical aspect as you write your thesis or dissertation.
Dissertation title page
As you compose your work, ask yourself the following questions:. This definition constitutes plagiarism whether it is intentional or unintentional and whether it is the work of another or your own, previously published work. Legends and titles done by the same process as the figures will be accepted if they too are clear, legible, and run at least 10 or 12 characters per inch.
Otherwise, legends and captions should be printed transition words for writing the same font used in the dissertation page layout. Original illustrations, photographs, and fine arts prints may be scanned and included, centered between the margins on a page with no text above or below. For questions about the use of images in your dissertation, please see the help page in ETDs Harvard.
In addition to the student's own writing, dissertations often contain third-party content, or in-copyright content owned by parties other than you, the student who authored the dissertation. The Office for Scholarly Communication recommends consulting the information below about fair use, which allows individuals to use in-copyright content, on a limited basis and for specific purposes, without seeking permission from copyright holders. Because your dissertation will be made available for online distribution through DASHHarvard's open-access repository, it is important that any third-party content in it may be made available in this way.
Fair use is a provision in copyright law that allows the use of a certain amount of copyrighted material without seeking permission. Fair use is format- and media-agnostic. This means fair use may apply to images including photographs, illustrations, and paintingsquoting at length from literature, videos, and music regardless of the format. How do I determine whether my use of an image, or other third-party content, in my dissertation is fair use?
Nonprofit, educational, scholarly, or dissertation page layout use favors fair use. Commercial, non-educational uses, often do not dissertation page fair use. A transformative use repurposing or recontextualizing the in-copyright material favors fair use. Examining, analyzing, and explicating the material in a meaningful way, so as to enhance a reader's understanding, strengthens your fair use argument.
In other words, can you make the point in the thesis without using, for instance, an in-copyright image? Is that image necessary to your dissertation? If not, perhaps, for copyright reasons, you should not include the image.
Published, fact-based content favors fair use and includes scholarly analysis in published academic venues. Creative works, including artistic images, are afforded more protection under copyright, and depending on your use in light of the other factors, may be less likely to favor fair use; however, this does not preclude considerations of fair use for creative content altogether. Small, or less dissertation pages long, amounts favor fair use.
Dissertation content page
A good rule of thumb is to use only as much of the in-copyright content as necessary to serve your purpose. Can you use a thumbnail rather than a full-resolution image?
Dissertation copyright page you use a black-and-white photo instead of color? Can you quote select passages dissertation pages of including several pages of the content? Download the Packet pdf.
Note: These pages are outside the OU website and are neither affiliated with nor endorsed by the University of Dissertation pages. Disclaimer: This contact information is provided for informational purposes only.
Bindery services listed here are neither affiliated with nor endorsed by the University of Oklahoma.Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Generate your APA citations for free! Home Knowledge Base Dissertation Dissertation title page. Date updated: August 26, The title page or cover page of your dissertation contains all key information about the document. Title page format Your department will usually tell you exactly what should be good essay topics for college on your title page and how it should be formatted.
A thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered. A question "Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?
A thesis is never a list. However, political, economic, social and cultural reasons are pretty much the only possible reasons why communism could collapse. This sentence lacks tension and doesn't advance an argument. Everyone knows that politics, economics, and culture are important. A thesis should never be vague, combative or confrontational.
An ineffective thesis would be, "Communism collapsed dissertation copyright page Eastern Europe because communism is evil. It also may spark a defensive reaction from readers sympathetic to communism.
If readers strongly disagree with you right off the bat, they may stop reading. An effective thesis has a definable, arguable claim. This thesis makes a definite, arguable claim: that the disintegration of economies played a more important role than cultural forces in defeating communism in Eastern Europe. This project is later to be presented in front of an academic panel, often the entire faculty of an academic department, with their recommendations contributing to the acceptance, revision, or rejection dissertation pages long the initial topic.
In addition, the presentation of the research project will help the candidate choose their primary thesis adviser. An undergraduate thesis is completed in the final year of the degree alongside existing seminar lecture or laboratory courses, and is often divided into two presentations: proposal and thesis presentations though this varies across universitieswhereas a master thesis or doctorate dissertation is accomplished in the last term alone and is defended once.
In most universities, a thesis is required for the bestowment of a degree to a candidate alongside a number of units earned throughout their academic period of stay, though for practice and skills-based degrees a practicum and a written report can be achieved instead. The examination board often consists of 3 to 5 examiners, often professors in a university with a Masters or PhD degree depending on the university's dissertation pages long rules.
Required word length, complexity, and contribution to scholarship varies widely across universities in the country. The academic dissertation for a Dissertation copyright page is called a dysertacja or praca doktorska.
The submission for the Habilitation is called praca habilitacyjna" or dysertacja habilitacyjna". Thus the term dysertacja is reserved for PhD and Habilitation degrees. All the theses need to be "defended" by the author during a special examination for the given degree. Examinations for PhD and Habilitation degrees are public. The defense is done in a public presentation in which teachers, students, and the dissertation pages public can participate.
For the PhD, a thesis tese is presented for defense in a public exam. The exam typically extends over 3 hours. The examination board typically involves 5 to 6 scholars including the advisor or other experts with a PhD degree generally at least half of them must be external to the university where the candidate defends the thesis, but it may depend on the University.
In Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Ukraine an academic dissertation or thesis is called what can be literally translated as a "master's degree work" thesiswhereas the word dissertation is reserved for doctoral theses Candidate of Sciences. To complete a master's degree, a student is required to write a thesis and to then defend the work publicly.
The length of this manuscript usually is given in page count and depends upon educational institution, its departments, faculties, and fields of study [ citation needed ].
Dissertation page layout
At universities in Slovenia, an academic thesis called diploma thesis is a prerequisite for completing undergraduate studies. The thesis used to be pages long, but has been reduced to pages in new Bologna process programmes. To complete Master's studies, a candidate must write magistrsko delo Master's thesis that is longer and more detailed than the undergraduate thesis.
The required submission for the doctorate is called doktorska disertacija doctoral dissertation. In pre Bologna programmes students were able to skip the dissertation copyright page and presentation of a Master's thesis and continue straightforward towards doctorate. In Sweden, there are different types dissertation pages long theses. The undergraduate theses are called uppsats "essay"sometimes examensarbeteespecially at technical programmes.
After that there are two types of post graduate theses: licentiate thesis and PhD dissertation. A licentiate degree is approximately "half a PhD" in terms of the size and scope of the thesis.
Swedish PhD studies should in theory last for four years, including course work and thesis work, but as many PhD students also teach, the PhD often takes longer to complete.
Dissertation pages long
The thesis can be written as a monograph or as a compilation thesis ; in the latter case, the introductory chapters are called the kappa literally "coat". Outside the science project research paper rubric community, the terms thesis and dissertation are interchangeable. A wide range of supervisory arrangements can be found in the British academy, from single supervisors more usual for undergraduate and Masters level work to supervisory teams of up to three supervisors.
In teams, there will often be a Director of Studies, usually someone with broader experience perhaps having passed some threshold of successful supervisions.
The Director may be involved with regular supervision along with the other supervisors, or may have more of an oversight role, with the other supervisors taking on the more day-to-day responsibilities of supervision. In some U. At most universities, dissertation is the term for the required submission for the doctorate, and thesis refers only to the master's degree requirement. Thesis is also used to describe a cumulative project for a bachelor's degree and is more common at selective colleges and universities, or for those seeking admittance to graduate school or to obtain an honors academic designation.
These projects are called "senior projects" or "senior theses"; they are generally done in the senior year near graduation after biology term papers completed other courses, the independent study period, and the internship or student teaching period the completion of most of the requirements before the writing of the paper ensures adequate knowledge and aptitude for the challenge. Unlike a dissertation or master's thesis, they are not as long and they do not require a novel contribution to knowledge or even a very narrow focus on a set subtopic.
Like them, they can be lengthy and require months of work, they require supervision by at least one professor adviser, they must be focused on a certain area of knowledge, and they must use an appreciable amount of scholarly citations.
They may or may not be defended before a committee but usually are not; there is generally no preceding examination before the writing of the paper, except for at dissertation layout page numbers few colleges. Because of the nature of the graduate thesis or dissertation having to be more narrow and more novel, the result of original research, these usually have a smaller proportion of the work that is cited from other sources, though the fact that they are lengthier may mean they still have total citations.
Specific undergraduate courses, especially writing-intensive courses or courses taken by upperclassmen, may also require one or more extensive written assignments referred to variously as theses, essays, or papers. Increasingly, high schools are requiring students to complete a senior project or senior thesis on a chosen topic during the final year as a prerequisite for graduation. The extended essay component of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programmeoffered in a growing number of American high schools, is another dissertation pages long of this trend.
Generally speaking, a dissertation is dissertation content page as to whether or not it makes an original and unique contribution to scholarship. Lesser projects a master's dissertation page layout, for example are judged by whether or not they demonstrate mastery of available scholarship in the presentation of an idea.
The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis may vary significantly among universities or programs. One of the requirements for certain advanced degrees is often an oral examination called a viva voce examination or just viva in the UK and certain other English-speaking countries.
This examination normally occurs after the dissertation is finished but before it is submitted to the university, and may comprise a presentation often public by the student and questions posed by an examining committee or jury. In North America, an initial oral examination in the field of specialization may take place just before the student settles down to work on the dissertation. An additional oral exam may take place after the dissertation is completed and is known as a thesis or dissertation " defense ", which at some universities may be a mere formality and at others may result in the student being required to make significant revisions.
For example, for qualitative methods like in-depth interviews, the presentation of the data will often be woven together with discussion and analysis, while in quantitative and experimental research, dissertation copyright page results should be presented separately before you discuss their meaning. In the results section it can often be helpful to include tables, graphs dissertation page charts. Full versions of your data such as interview transcripts can be included as an appendix.
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Here you should interpret the results in detail, discussing whether they met your expectations and how well they fit with the framework that you built in earlier chapters. If any of the results were unexpected, offer explanations for why this might be. The discussion should reference other scholarly work to show how your results fit with existing knowledge. You can also make recommendations for future research or practical action. The dissertation conclusion dissertation page layout concisely answer the main research question, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of your central argument.
In some academic conventions, the conclusion refers to a short section that comes before the discussion: first you directly state your overall conclusions, then you discuss and interpret their meaning. In other contexts, however, the conclusion refers to the final chapter, where you wrap up your dissertation with a final reflection on what you did and how you did it. This type of conclusion often also includes recommendations for research or practice.
What have you added to what was already known? In my case I used my dissertation dedication page to acknowledge someone who inspired me, beginning when I was five years old, to pursue a doctorate. This allowed dissertation layout page numbers to provide a special honor while including a wider range of individuals in my dissertation acknowledgement.
A Polgári CSEMETE Szociális Szövetkezet 2015.02.05-én közgyűlést tartott. Különös jelentőséggel bírt ez az esemény. Polgár Város Önkormányzata képviseletében, Tóth József polgármester, mint a közgyűlés levezető elnöke kiemelte nyitó beszédében, hogy ez az első olyan közgyűlés, ahol a sui generis tagok is részt vesznek a közgyűlés munkájában. Gyakorolhatják a helyi közösség társadalmi hierarchiában elfoglalt szerepüktől függetlenül az egy tag egy szavazat elvet.